Permaculture, which means “permanent culture”, is a system of agricultural and social principles whose design planning is centered on directly simulating or using the patterns and characteristics observed in natural ecosystems and has been studied to respond to the new and growing awareness of degradation global environment. The term “permanent” itself was conceived as the antithesis of modern industrial systems, including food production systems that, through their dependence on fossil fuels and chemicals, have proved to be unstable, non-resilient and polluting (therefore unsustainable) ..

Permaculture is the use of a systemic way of thinking and conceiving ecological principles that can be used to design, create, manage and improve all efforts made by individuals, families and communities towards a sustainable future.

Nowadays, it is considered a science of social and environmental scope that combines scientific knowledge with traditional and popular knowledge, thus ensuring the permanence of the human being as a species on planet Earth.

Permaculture, in addition to being a method for planning human scale systems, provides a systemic way of visualizing the world and the correlations between all its components. It therefore serves as a meta-model for the practice of systemic vision, and can be applied in all necessary situations, from how to structure human habitat to how to solve complex issues in the business world [6] – It is not limited to sustainable design, either including ecological engineering, bioclimatic architecture, construction. It also includes integrated water resource management that develops sustainable architecture and regenerative and self-sustaining habitat and agriculture systems modeled after natural ecosystems [.

In the end, it is a philosophy and an idealistic approach that emphasizes the use of agricultural soil that links climate, plants, animals, nutrient cycles, soil, water management and human needs in a productive and creative environment with aesthetics, ethics and harmony, according to the basic principles of nature.

It can be said that the three ethical principles or pillars of Permaculture in its contemporary version are:

  • Caring for the land: Provision for all life systems to continue and multiply. This is the first principle, because without a healthy land, human beings cannot exercise their qualities.
  • Caring for people: Provision for people to access the resources necessary for their existence.
  • Caring for the Future


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