Organic farming and organic farming are often used to designate sustainable farming systems that do not allow the use of synthetic chemicals that are harmful to human health and the environment, such as some varied types of synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, or genetically engineered organisms. modified.
Its proponents believe that, in a healthy soil, maintained without the use of synthetic chemical fertilizers and non-organic pesticides, foods are of a higher quality than conventional foods.
This production system, which excludes the use of synthetic fertilizers, non-organic pesticides and growth regulating products, is based on: the use of natural fertilizers; the maintenance of soil protected from sunlight and raindrops; crop rotation; the increase in biodiversity; intercropping of cultures; green adubation; composting; and biological control of insects and diseases. It also presupposes the maintenance of soil structure and depth, without changing its properties through the use of synthetic chemicals.
- The soil is a living organism, and must be treated with the greatest possible care to maintain all life in it;
- Use of low solubility organic fertilizers;
- Control of insects and diseases with preventive measures and natural products;
- The bush (weeds) is part of the system. It should be used as a ground cover and insect shelter.
- NATURALFA – https://www.naturalfa.pt/agricultura-biologica/
- AGROBIO – https://agrobio.pt/agricultura-biologica/certificacao/
- DGADR – http://guiaexploracoes.dgadr.gov.pt/index.php/certificacao-da-qualidade/certificacao-da-producao-biologica
- SATIVA – https://www.sativa.pt/agricultura-biologica/
- DGADR – https://mpb.dgadr.gov.pt/controlo
- CERTIS – https://certis.pt/a-certis/empresa/
- ECOCERT – https://www.ecocert.com/en/expertise/organic-farming
- Regenerative Organic Certified (ROC) Regenerative Organic Certified – https://regenorganic.org/